THE APRIL USPSA MATCH
SCHEDULED FOR THIS WEEKEND
HAS BEEN CANCELLED
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OREGON Concealed Carry Weapons Course
(A typical savings of $50 over the regular $75 price at other places)
This class offers far more than the minimum training offered at other places
It is held at the MRPC Indoor Range
Live-Fire Range Time included in the Class
Remember that using a firearm for self-defense can have serious consequences.
Making a wrong decision can thrust you into the criminal court system and/or result in a civil lawsuit.
This is why you want to take a comprehensive class that offers you the best training available.
More information available under the “Training” tab of the club’s website www.mrpc.info
TO RESERVE YOUR PLACE IN A CCW CLASSES:
Directly E-mail Phil at PhilGrammatica@yahoo.com
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Klamath Action Steel
Saturday will be this month’s Action Steel match at the Klamath Sportsman’s park in Keno!!
If the weather still looks good we will be shooting out on the bays!
There will be 5 stages, registration is at 9:00 with shooting to start at 9:30.
Please come early to help with setup if you can.
See ya Saturday!!!
Bill & Larry Watson
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You Can’t Fix Stupid…
By now you have probably seen the video from the Tulsa gun show where the security guard (wearing a POLICE shirt) negligently fires a round and hits another officer. If not, watch it first. I’ll wait … See link below
So, what do we see? What can we learn? How many of the Four Rules Of Gun Safety did he violate? All of them. Here’s a quick takeaway. You’ve heard me say this before, and it may not have clicked with you, so I’ll repeat it, and explain it. When you are unloading a semi-auto pistol, rack the slide THREE TIMES. Why? Well, if loaded rounds keep flying out of the pistol as you rack the slide, that’s what we call a clue. There is ammunition in the magazine and you are putting a loaded round into the chamber! Think of the Tony Orlando song, and RACK THREE TIMES. (Younger readers will need to search YouTube.) ~ Tom Gresham
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Precision Pistol: Iron Sights in the Sun
by Norman Wong, O.D. – Wednesday, February 1, 2017
While most ranges have covered firing points that provide shade for competitors, Camp Perry and the “warm-up” regional matches at Canton, OH, do not. If you’re confused about your visual perception of iron sights under the open sun, this article addresses those concerns and shares lessons learned from some of the finest precision (bullseye) pistol shooters in the country.
Our panel included national champions, national record holders, Olympic-caliber shooters and shooters who are on top of their game. All are high masters (except for two masters) and are also Distinguished.
Question: Do your shot groupings change when shooting under the open sun?
Don Nygord was a member of the U.S. shooting team for over 20 years and wrote extensively during 1998-2003. Many of his articles can be found at this link: www.australiancynic.com/NYGORD.htm. Nygord’s notes indicate that if the sun is shining from the right, then the front sight blade will be “blurred” on the right side. This will cause the right side to appear thinner, and the apparent gap between the rear sight notch and front blade will be wider. When the sights are realigned, errant shots will go to the right.
Light and shadow can cause optical illusions that may move the apparent aiming point.
Surprisingly, two distinct schools of thought emerged from the survey. There were a total of seventeen responders. Eight responders reported never needing to change their sights for windage due to sunlight. We’ll call them group 1. Eight others (group 2) reported that they did routinely change sights for windage as a result of bright sunlight. The 17th shooter was not sure.
Those in group 2 who adjusted their sights to the prevailing light conditions typically moved their rear sight windage by 1 to 3 clicks. Four of this group used up to five clicks under more extreme conditions. Nobody from group 1 saw the blurred front sight edge mentioned in Nygord’s notes. One from this group commented: “I know that the sunlight directionality can affect the perceived appearance of the BULL and thus cause one to compensate with the iron sights in just the OPPOSITE way of your example … light on the right will cause you to shoot left.” From group 2, only two responders noted a blurred front edge on the same side as the sun, while another from this group saw a blurred front sight, but on the “opposite” side of the sun.
Apertures at the National Matches
None in group 1 used an aperture. Of the eight in group 2, four used an aperture, while three did not. One used it sometimes.
The carbide type was most prevalently used by both groups. Shooters from group 1 used either carbide or aerosol sight black. Six from group 2 used carbide, while one used aerosol, and another sometimes used either type. Brian Zins wrote, “A cigar lighter is great.”
Here are some responses from group 1 (no change in windage due to shifting sun):
Jim Lenardson: (Last shooter to win the National matches with iron sights.) I shot iron sights for 30 years as a high master. I shot 2670 several times with them and never had the sights change with the sun. I am well aware of folks talking about that, but I never had a problem with it. It always came up at Perry because of facing the North and no over-head cover. Some were adamant about it and others thought it made no difference.
Brian Zins: The biggest thing I notice when shooting irons outdoors is the sunlight’s effect on elevation more than anything. I feel it is due to the sun on the target more than on the sights. The rifle shooting phrase “lights up, sights up” is kind of the same effect that Don Nygord talks about concerning the front sight.
Only a few of those surveyed shoot with an aperture, intended to improve depth of field.
Steve Reiter: This is strictly my opinion from shooting a lot of years with iron sights. I disagree with Nygord. The sun’s effect is really more apparent in rifle shooting. With the rifle, it has nothing to do with the sights, because you blacken the sights to prevent that. What the light does affect is the black circle you are putting your sights against. By this I mean it will make the black appear bigger or smaller, which does affect sight picture and bullet impact. Left or right impact is probably going to be the left or right side of the 10-ring, depending on the range you are shooting and the angle of the sun.
Dave Lange: I very rarely have to make sight corrections. I have heard the comments at Perry about how the sun changed between the President’s 100 match and the NTI and NTT matches. I have never noticed this in my sights.
John Bickar: (As a multinational junior champion, Bickar shoots iron sights exclusively.) I’ve heard the “lights right, sights right” adage but have not found it definitively to be the case.
Chris Johnson: I have not noticed shot groupings move with light conditions. Specifically, shooting ball at Camp Perry at 7:00 am then again at 11:00 am does not move my groupings.
Here are some responses from group 2 (windage changed due to shifting sun):
Philip Hemphill: (10-time National Police Shooting Champion and 2-time National Precision Pistol Champion) My eye doctor here in Mississippi gets a little uneasy when I bring my guns into his office for sight picture correction, but I have found that is the only way I can get a correct adjustment for vision. I have been shooting iron sights in police matches for decades and have found that the glare on the front sight has more bearing on shot placement than the effect of the sun. Our range faces north, while the range at Jackson Police Department (PD) faces south. I have to move 2 clicks left and 1 click down when I shoot at the Jackson PD. The sun was on my left side over there. The sun has a tendency to push me away from the target.
John Zurek: I often shoot iron sights while training with the Free Pistol. Here in Phoenix, our club is situated so that I am shooting south. When I start a training session, normally I have rounds going down range by 8:00 a.m., when the sun is coming up on my left. In that light, my grouping is to the left. As the sun centers overhead, my grouping is centered. When I train in the afternoon, my group moves to the right. (I’m shooting for groups in these sessions, rather than adjusting the sights.) My theory has been that the sun shines on that part of the front sight (left or right) causing a graying effect, which makes the mind move the sights in that direction to make up for the apparent gap.
I also note that bright light shining on the target gives the appearance of an elongated bullseye, opposite from the sun (sun’s up, sights up). When one is focused on the sights, the “black thing” downrange is blurred to the left or right, due to the sun’s position.
Half of those surveyed shoot with a center-of-mass sight picture. The rest shoot with a 6 o’clock aiming point.
Steve Locatelli (SLO CAT): The only places I shoot service pistol in direct sunlight are at the Canton Regional, the NRA Whittington Center and at Camp Perry. I do notice that the groups tend to move towards the direction of the sunlight. It is more noticeable to me at 50 yards than at 25 yards. My take on the reason this happens is that my eye is trying to center the front sight in the rear sight notch and, in doing this, I unconsciously move the front sight toward the bright side to even out the perceived light on both sides of the sight blade. I have not noticed an elevation change when the sun is directly overhead, but I will always adjust my sights to correct an errant group, even if I don’t know why the group is errant. I do not notice that the bright side of the front sight is “blurred.”
At Camp Perry, the President’s 100 match usually starts at 0700 hours with the sun low on our right side. I adjust two clicks left. During the NTI later in the morning, I take out these two clicks. In the afternoon team matches, I adjust two clicks to the right, as long as there is still direct sunlight. Overcast conditions usually are the same for me as shooting from a covered firing line.
Col. Joe Chang: My iron sights always have been different than other shooters. When I pick up someone else’s ball gun, I wind up shooting high into the 8-ring. I use a serrated front sight and sometimes I do see the front sight being more gray than black. This may be due to reflections from the front sight which might distort the way I see it. Rather than over-analyze it, I adjust my sights to center my group.
I wish to thank everyone for their replies and sharing their expertise. With no disrespect to others who have different viewpoints, this was how our shooters saw their sight picture. Of interest, the six national champions all belong to group 1 and saw their front sights with no edge blur; no report of edge glare; all used either a black or white occluder (one shuts the eye), and none used an aperture.
As an optometrist reviewing these responses, there were no conclusions I could offer from the use of plus add power lenses, tints, anti-reflection coatings or apertures. Peoples’ perceptions vary. In general, my recommendation has always been to obtain the best focus for the front sight, followed by the rear sight and then the bull. How “blurred” is considered acceptable can be shown by your eye care professional.
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PATRICK KELLEY—3-GUN TRAINING TIPS
Competition shooter Patrick Kelley’s three-step plan to sharpen your modern sporting rifle and 3-gun skills.
Practice is a surefire way to sharpen your shooting skills, whether you’re gunning for increased speed and accuracy with a modern sporting rifle or looking to improve your game in 3-gun competition. Since most shooters don’t enjoy the luxury of unlimited ammunition and range time, however, efficient prep and practice are keys to making it happen.
Competitive shooter Patrick Kelley is a firm believer in the concept. “Anyone can buy an accurate rifle,” he says. “What makes someone a really good shooter is becoming intimately familiar with every aspect of that firearm’s operation, and practicing with it as much as possible.”
He also knows the real world often sets limits on practice time. “People think competitive shooters are all sponsored because we like to wear jerseys and look professional,” he says. “But the truth is, almost everyone has a full-time job and is trying to balance work and family with their passion for shooting. They’re trying to squeeze in enough practice time to shoot proficiently when a match is on the line.”
To help shooters hone their form in a hurry, Kelley offers a three-step plan for high-efficiency practice. While he focuses on the competitive side of the MSR scene, his advice holds water for hunters and plinkers as well.
1. Familiarity Breeds Success
Step one is getting a feel for your firearms. “Handling your guns at home is a great way to become familiar with how they feel and work, so you’re not fumbling around at the range,” he says. “It’s also a whole lot easier to find time to work with guns at home than it is to make extra trips to the range and familiarize yourself with them there.”
Kelley’s personal gun-handling regimen begins well in advance of competitions. In fact, it truly never ends. “I handle my guns during the off-season, but this increases dramatically during my train-up before the season starts,” he explains.
Gun-handling practice includes shouldering long guns and establishing a proper cheek weld, aiming, dry firing, loading and unloading the shotgun (with inert “dummy” shells) and magazine changes with the rifle and handgun. Handguns are drawn from the holster and retrieved from table tops and presented to the target. “I want to be as comfortable as possible with the gun before getting into live-fire practice and competitive situations,” he adds.
If you’re new to the sport, Kelley advises watching videos that offer instruction, as well as those featuring actual shooting competitions.
“Devote plenty of time to mounting the gun, dry firing, safely abandoning it and picking up another gun.”
“If you’re interested in 3-gun matches, pay attention to the different steps involved in competition and work these into your gun-handling practice,” he says. “For example, making fast and smooth transitions between different guns is a huge factor, so devote plenty of time to mounting the gun, dry firing, safely abandoning it and picking up another gun.”
Of course, even veteran shooters benefit from such exercises. “All these steps are critical to prepare you for the moment when the range officer asks, ‘Are you Ready?’”
2. Find Your Zero
Kelley is also a staunch advocate of zeroing every gun in his battery. “If I’m shooting a 3-gun competition, the rifle, pistol and shotgun are all zeroed in,” he says. “This gives me the confidence to make any shot, as I know where my guns shoot relative to the sight system at any distance.”
As many shooters know, zeroing a firearm is the art of setting its sights so the bullet or slug hits where you’re aiming at a given range.
“The actual zero distance is a personal matter,” Kelley notes. “With a scoped MSR, for example, I like to zero so that one of my scope’s stadia lines is on at 300 yards for example, then I work backward taking note of impacts relative to the rest of the scope’s reticle.”
3. Steel Yourself
When these fundamentals are accomplished and you’re finally ready for some serious range time, Kelley advises a paperless program.
“I rarely shoot paper targets at the range other than to establish my zeros,” he says. “Steel is the deal for efficient training. It makes short work of practice, because there’s no wasted time checking to see if you hit the target or having to tape it up. Steel gives immediate feedback. Either you hit it or you didn’t. If you feel the need to check your groups—which should have been part of the zeroing process—you can always paint a steel target.”
Kelley favors heavy-duty steel targets that deflect splashback and are the same shape of a paper target, only smaller, and designed for use with rifles, pistols and shotguns.
When peppering steel, he rotates guns and shooting positions to mimic situations he might face in competition. “Practice in all possible field positions that a particular range has available,” he says. “If all you have is a bench, use it, but don’t just sit down and shoot. Kneel and shoot over the bench while supporting the rifle with your elbows. Also shoot some from the prone position using your magazine as a monopod for increased stability.”
“The very best shooters in any sport still work on the fundamentals of marksmanship, as it is the foundation of all good shooting.”
Through it all, Kelley recommends mastering the fundamentals first, before getting too creative. “People want to run before they can walk,” he laughs. “The very best shooters in any sport still work on the fundamentals of marksmanship, as it is the foundation of all good shooting. Once you have that down, all you have to do is apply them to whatever situation you encounter in the field or competition.”
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This photo from video by KCTV5 shows damage to the side of a building in the aftermath of a fatal explosion at the Lake City Army Ammunition Plant in Independence, Mo., Tuesday, April 11, 2017.
KCTV5 via AP
Safety Apr 12, 2017 Share
Explosion at Ammunition Plant Kills 1, Injures 4
Other explosions have occurred at the Midwestern plant, including a 1990 blast that killed one worker and a 1981 explosion that severely burned a worker who later died.
KANSAS CITY, Mo. (AP) — An explosion Tuesday at a sprawling ammunition plant near Kansas City, Missouri, killed one worker and injured four others, the U.S. Army said.
The blast at the Lake City Army Ammunition Plant in Independence, just east of Kansas City, occurred in a building where chemicals are mixed, Army officials. The building has been secured and rendered safe, they said, allowing investigators to begin looking into what caused the explosion.
Other explosions have occurred at the plant, including a 1990 blast that killed one worker and a 1981 explosion that severely burned a worker who later died, according to records. In 2011, six people were injured in a blast there.
The plant has been fined for workplace safety issues at least three times.
All the plant’s nearly 1,800 employees were sent home after Tuesday’s explosion and told to call in before returning to work Wednesday. The four injured workers were evaluated at the scene and declined additional treatment, officials said.
Lt. Col. Eric B. Dennis, the plant’s commander, offered his condolences to family members of the worker who died.
"Making ammunition is dangerous work and our employees risk their lives to protect the men and women in uniform," Dennis said. "This is the sacrifice they make to support our country and I am humbled by the ultimate sacrifice this employee made today."
The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives will lead the investigation. Workplace safety experts with the U.S. Department of Labor’s Occupational Safety and Health Administration also will be looking into the blast.
The 77-year-old plant, created to help arm the U.S. military effort in the run-up to World War II, makes small-caliber ammunition and tests its reliability. The factory also operates the NATO test center.
The plant, which sits on nearly 4,000 acres and is the first of a dozen Army small-arms factories, has undergone hundreds of millions of dollars in upgrades since the mid-2000s. The property has more than 400 buildings and nine warehouses, and has a storage capacity of more than 700,000 square feet.
The factory has a governmental staff payroll of $2.9 million and a workforce that includes 29 Department of Army civilians and a soldier to provide contract oversight.
Dulles, Virginia-based contractor Orbital ATK, the biggest maker of small-caliber ammunition for the U.S. Department of Defense, runs the plant. Since 2000, Orbital has produced more than 17 billion rounds of small-caliber ammunition at Lake City for military purposes.
Jim Nickels, vice president and general manager of Orbital ATK, said the explosion happened in a building where workers mix chemicals into the primer that goes into all small-caliber munitions.
Orbital announced Monday that it has received a $92 million order from the Army for 5.56 mm and 7.62 mm ammunition, adding that Orbital and the Army "have made significant upgrades at the facility in recent years that have enhanced product quality; and performance, efficiency and operational improvements for safety and environmental stewardship."
Orbital has roughly 12,500 employees in 18 states and in several international locations.
When the 2011 explosion occurred at the plant, injuring six people, Alliant Techsystems, or ATK, was the contractor operating the facility. OSHA fined the plant for workplace safety issues that year and also in 2008 and 2012.
The largest penalty was in 2011 when Alliant was initially fined $28,000. It paid $5,600. OSHA had cited it for "serious" issues with process safety management of hazardous chemicals.
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